The Analytic Interaction, Pasqual Pantone & Warren Wilner

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Warren WilnerThe current literature on interaction is particularly relevant to an Interpersonal perspective. Practically every orientation is revising Pasqual Pantonetheir thinking on the therapeutic dyad in the direction of a more interactive or relational model. In terms of covering this prolific topic, we are aided by some of the required courses in the curriculum, which cover the earlier perspectives on transference and counter transference, i.e.: Freud, Classical, early Interpersonal, Object Relations, etc. Additionally some other courses cover modern revisions from certain perspectives or from specific theorists i.e.: modern Freudians, some contemporary Interpersonalists, infancy research, Self Psychology, etc. Thus this part of the course concentrates on several major contemporary revisions of the theory and technique of analytic interaction which are coalescing into the growing Relational perspective.

Class 1. Convergences and Divergences in Psychoanalytic Orientations (Pasqual Pantone, Ph.D.)

White, (2001). The Interpersonal and Freudian traditions: convergences and divergences, JAPA, 49.

Supplementary Reading:

Greenberg, J. (1991). Freud’s playground reconsidered. In Oedipus and Beyond, Cambridge: Harvard, pp. 225-251.

Kernberg, O.F. (1993). Convergences and divergences in contemporary psychoanalytic technique, IJP 74, 659-673

Phillips, A. (1993). Playing mothers: Between pedagogy and transference. In On kissing, tickling, and being bored. Cambridge: Harvard, pp. 101-108.

Spezzano, C. (1995). “Classical” versus “contemporary” theory, CP., 31, 20-46.



Class 2. The Beginning of a Classical Revolution: Merton Gill (Pasqual Pantone, Ph.D.)

Gill, M. (1979). The analysis of the transference. JAPA, 27, pp. 263-283.

Supplementary Reading:

Gill, M. M. (1982). Analysis of Transference, Vol. I, New York: IUP.

_____ (1983). The interpersonal paradigm and the degree of the therapist’s involvement, CP, 19, 200-237.

_____ (1984). Transference: A change in conception or only in emphasis?, PI, 4, 489-524.

_____ (1994). Psychoanalysis in transition, Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press

_____ (1995). Interaction and interpretation, PD, ,111-122.

_____ (1995). Classical and relational psychoanalysis, PP, 12, 89-107.

_____, Jacobs, T. J., and Shapiro, R. B. (1993). Commentaries on M. Eagle’s “Enactments......” and Eagle, M., Reply, PD, 3, 93-149.

_____, and Hoffman, I. Z. (1982). Analysis of transference, Vol. II, New York: IUP.

Hertz, C. (1989). A self psychological analysis of Analysis of transference, CPR, 5, 33-51.

Hoffman, I. Z. (1990). In the eye of the beholder. CP, 26, 291-299.

_____ (1996). Gill: A study in theory development in psychoanalysis, PD, 6, 5-53.

Katz, C. L. (1996). Merton M. Gill, Psychoanalysis in Transition, CP, 32, 327-333.

Mitchell, S. A., (1996). Merton Gill: In appreciation, CP, 32, 177-182.

  1. Sandler, J., and Sandler, A-M. (1984). The past unconscious, the present unconscious and the interpretation of the transference, PI, 4, 367-399.
  1. Wallerstein, R. (1984). The analysis of transference: A matter of emphasis or of theory reformulation?, PI, 4, 325-354.

Class 3. The Continuation of an Interpersonal Revolution: Edgar Levenson (Pasqual Pantone, Ph.D.)

Levenson, Edgar A. (1983). The ambiguity of change. New York: Basic Books; Ch. 6, Praxis: the common ground of therapy, 53-61; Ch. 7, Praxis: The field of play, 62-70; Ch. 8, Praxis: Uses of the transference, 71-88.

Supplementary Reading:

Freidman, L.(1988). Levenson’s perspectivism. In The anatomy of psychotherapy. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 295-308.

Greenberg, J. R., (1987). Of mystery and motive: A review of “The Ambiguity of Change.” and Levenson, E., Reply. CP, 23, 689-707.

Hirsch, I., (1992). Extending Sullivan’s interpersonalism, CP, 28, 732-747.

Kavanagh, G. (1995). Processes of therapeutic action and change. In Lionells, M., Fiscalini, J., Mann, C. H. & Stern, D. B. (Eds.) (1995). The handbook of interpersonal psychoanalysis. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, pp. 569-602.

Levenson, E. A. (1996). The politics of interpretation, CP, 32, 631-648.

_____ (1993). Shoot the messenger: Interpersonal aspects of the analyst’s interpretations, CP, 29, 383-396.

_____ (1992). Harry Stack Sullivan, CP, 28, 450-466.

_____ (1991). The purloined self: Interpersonal perspectives in psychoanalysis. New York: W.A.White Press. Ch. 12, The interpersonal (Sullivanian) model. pp. 151-165; Ch. 13, An interpersonal perspective (1987), pp. 167-174; Ch. 16, Show and tell: the recursive order of the transference(1988), pp. 201-209.

_____ (1990). Reply to Hoffman, CP, 26, 299-304.

_____ (1989). Whatever happened to the cat? Interpersonal perspectives on the self, CP, 537-553.

_____ (1983). The ambiguity of change. New York: Basic Books.

_____ (1972). The fallacy of understanding, New York: Basic Books.

Class 4. Working in the Countertransference – Two Perspectives (Pasqual Pantone, Ph.D.)

Bollas C. (1987). Expressive uses of the countertransference. In The Shadow of the Object, New York: Columbia University Press.

Ehrenberg , D. (1992). The intimate edge. In The intimate edge: Extending the reach of psychoanalytic interaction. New York: W.W. Norton & Co.

Supplementary Reading:

Barratt, B. B., Blechner, M. J., and Schwartz, A. E. (1994). Review essays: “The Intimate Edge” by Darlene Ehrenberg, and Ehrenberg, D. B., Reply, PD, 4, 275-316.

Bollas, C. (1987). The transformational object. In The shadow of the object. New York: Columbia, 13-29.

_____ (1989). The psychoanalyst’s celebration of the analysand. In Forces of Destiny. New York: Aronson, 77-92.

_____ (1989) The psychoanalyst’s multiple function. In Forces, 93-113.

_____ (1992). Being a character. In Being a character. New York: Hill and Wang, 47-65.

_____ (1992). The psychoanalyst’s use of free association. In Character, 101-133.

Ehrenberg, D. B. (1982). Psychoanalytic engagement. CP, 18, 535-555.

_____ (1984). Psychoanalytic engagement II: Affective considerations. CP, 20, 560-583

_____ (1990). Playfulness in the psychoanalytic relationship. CP, 26, 74-95.

_____ (1992). The intimate edge, New York: Norton.

Feiner, A. H. (1990). Playfulness and the interpersonal ideology. CP, 26, 95-107.

_____ (1991). The analyst’s participation in the patient’s transference. CP, 27, 208-241

Fiscalini, J. (1994). The uniquely interpersonal and the interpersonally unique. CP, 30, 114-134.

  1. _____ (1995). Transference and countertransference as Interpersonal phenomena. In Lionells, M., Fiscalini, J., Mann, C. H. & Stern, D. B. (Eds.) The handbook of interpersonal psychoanalysis. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, pp. 603-616.

_____ (1995) The clinical analysis of transference. In Lionells, M., Fiscalini, J., Mann, C. H. & Stern, D. B. (Eds.) The handbook of interpersonal psychoanalysis. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, pp. 617-642.

Gill, M. M. (1987). The analyst as participant, PI, 7, 249-259.

Greenberg, J. (1995). Self-disclosure: Is it psychoanalytic?, CP, 31, 193-205.

Hirsch, I. (1987). Varying models of analytic participation, JAPA 15, 205-222.

_____ (1997). The integration of the Interpersonal school into the psychoanalytic mainstream, CP, 33, 656-669.

_____(1998). Further thoughts about Interpersonal and Relational perspectives, CP, 34, 501-538.

Hoffman, I. Z. (1992). Expressive participation and psychoanalytic discipline, CP, 28, 1-15.

Meares, R. (1992).Transference and the play space, CP., 28, 32-49.

Moses, I., & McGarty, M. (1995). Anonymity, self-disclosure, and expressive uses of the analyst’s experience. In Lionells, M., Fiscalini, J., Mann, C. H. & Stern, D. B. (Eds.) The handbook of interpersonal psychoanalysis. Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, pp. 661-675.

Symington, N. (1983). The analyst’s act of freedom as agent of therapeutic change. In Kohon (Ed.), (see above) pp. 253-270.

Thompson, C., (1945). Transference as a therapeutic instrument. In M. Green (Ed.), Interpersonal psychoanalysis, Selected papers of Clara Thompson, NY: Basic,1964, 13-21.

_____ (1956). The role of the analyst’s personality in therapy. In Green (Ed.), In Interpersonal psychoanalysis, Selected papers of Clara Thompson, New York: Basic Books. pp. 168-178.

Winnicott, D. W. (1956). Clinical varieties of transference, IJP., 37.

_____ (1962). The aims of psycho-analytical treatment. In The maturational process and the facilitating environment, New York: International Universities Press.

_____ 1967, On transference, IJP., 48, 511-519.

Wolstein, B. (1954). Transference, New York: Grune & Stratton.

_____ (1983). Transference and resistance as psychic experience, CP., 19, 276-294.

_____ (1986). Transference neuroses and resistance neuroses, CP., 22, 202-217.

Class 5. Relational Psychoanalysis: Stephen Mitchell (Pasqual Pantone, Ph.D.)

Mitchell, S. A. (1997). Interaction in the Interpersonal tradition. In Influence and autonomy, Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 63-99.

Mitchell, S. A. (2000). Intersubjectivity: Between expressiveness and restraint in the analytic relationship. In Relationality: From attachment to intersubjectivity. Hillsdale NJ: The Analytic Press, 125-146.

Supplementary Reading:

Fossage, J. (1992). Psychoanalysis: Versions of “Blinis with sour cream.” CPR, 7,119-132.

Frankel, J. B. (1998). Are Interpersonal and Relational psychoanalysis the same? CP, 34, 485-500.

_____ (1998). Reply, CP, 34, 539-541.

Ghent, E. (1989). Credo: The dialectics of one-person and two-person psychologies, CP, 25,169-211.

_____ (1992). What’s moving, the train or the station?, CPR, 7, 108-118.

Greenberg, J. (1995). Psychoanalytic technique and the interactive matrix, PQ, 64, 1-22.

Greenberg, J. & Mitchell, S. (1983). Object relations and psychoanalytic models. In ORPT, 9-20.

_____ (1983). Interpersonal psychoanalysis. In ORPT., 79-115.

_____ (1983). Diagnosis and technique: A deeper divergence. In ORPT., 379-408.

Levenson, E. A. (1991). Back to the future, CPR, 6.

Mitchell. S. A. (1988). Penelope’s loom: Psychopathology and the analytic process. In Relational concepts in psychoanalysis, Cambridge: Harvard, pp. 271-306.

_____ (1988). A delicate balance. In Relational concepts in psychoanalysis, Cambridge: Harvard, pp. 204-234.

_____ (1988). The interpersonal and the intrapsychic: Different domains, or historical artifacts?, PI, 8, 472-496.

_____ (1992). Response to Edgar Levenson’s “Back to the future,” CPR, 7, 97-107.

_____ (1993). True selves, false selves & the ambiguity of authenticity. In Hope,123-151.

_____ (1995). Interaction in the Kleinian and Interpersonal traditions, CP, 31, 65-91.

_____ (1997). The therapeutic action: A new look. In Influence and autonomy, Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 33-62.

_____ (1997). Varieties of interaction. In Influence and autonomy, 143-168.

Pantone, P. J. (1993). Transference: Solutions to integrate the past with the present, CPR, 8, 44-67.

Class 6. Thomas Ogden: An American Hybrid (Pasqual Pantone, Ph.D.)

Ogden, T. H. (1979) On projective identification, IJP, 60, 357-373.

Ogden, T. H. (1994). The analytic third: Working with intersubjective clinical facts, IJP, 75, 3-19.

Supplementary Reading:

Ogden, T. H. (1982). Projective identification and psychotherapeutic technique, Northvale NJ: Aronson.

_____ (1984). Instinct, phantasy, and psychological deep structure: A reinterpretation of aspects of the work of Melanie Klein, CP, 20, 500-525.

_____ (1986). The matrix of the mind. Northvale NJ: Aronson.

_____ (1989). The primitive edge of experience. Northvale NJ: Aronson.

_____ (1991). Analyzing the matrix of transference, IJP, 72, 593-605.

_____ (1992). Comments on transference and countertransference in the initial analytic meeting, PI, 12, 225-247.

_____ (1994). Subjects of Analysis. Northvale NJ: Aronson.

_____ (1994). Projective identification and the subjugating third. In Subjects of analysis, Northvale, NJ: Aronson, pp. 97-106.

_____ (1995) Analyzing forms of aliveness & deadness of the trans-countertransference. IJP, 76, pp. 695-709.

_____ (2001). Conversations at the frontier of dreaming, Northvale, NJ: Aronson.

Class 7. Relational or Intersubjective? (Pasqual Pantone, Ph.D.)

Aron, L. (1996). The patient’s experience of the analyst’s subjectivity. In A Meeting of Minds. Hillsdale NJ: Analytic Press, 65-91.

Supplementary Reading:

Aron, L. (1992). Interpretation as expression of the analyst’s subjectivity, PD., 2, 475-507.

_____ (1991). The patient’s experience of the analyst’s subjectivity, PD, 1, 29-51.

Atwood, G. E., and Stolorow, R. D. (1984). Structures of subjectivity, Hillsdale: Analytic

Benjamin, J. (1988). The bonds of love. New York: Pantheon.

Fossage, J. L. (1994). Toward reconceptualizing transference. IJP., 75, 265-280.

Gerson, S. (1996). Neutrality, resistance, and self-disclosure in an intersubjective psychoanalysis, PD, 6, 623-645.

Ghent. E. (1992). Paradox and process. PD, 2, 135-159.

_____ (1995). Interaction in the psychoanalytic situation. PD, 5, 479-491

Hoffman, I Z. (1983). The patient as interpreter of the analyst’s experience. CP,19,389-422.

_____ (1991). Towards a social-constructivist view of the psychoanalyst, PD, 1, 74-105.

_____ (1992). Some practical implications of a social-constructivist view of the psychoanalytic situation, PD, 2, 287-304.

_____ (1998). Ritual and spontaneity in the psychoanalytic process. In Ritual and spontaneity in the psychoanalytic process, Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press, 219-244.

Lachmann, F. M., and Beebe, B. (1995). Self psychology: Today, PD, 375-384.

Stern, DB. (1985). Some controversies regarding constructivism and psychoanalysis, CP, 21, 201-208.

_____ (1987). Unformulated experience and transference, CP, 23, 484-491.

Stolorow, R, D. (1993). An intersubjective view of the therapeutic process, Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic, 57, 450-458.

_____(1994). The intersubjective context of intrapsychic experience. In Stolorow, Atwood & Brandchaft. The intersubjective perspective. Northvale NJ : Aronson, 1-14.

_____ (1995). An intersubjective view of self psychology, PD, 5, 393-399.

_____ (1997). Dynamic, dyadic, intersubjective systems; An evolving paradigm for psychoanalysis, PP, 14, 337-346.

_____ & Lachmann, F. (1984/85). Transference: The future of an illusion, Annual of Psychoanalysis, 12/13, 19-37.

_____ Brandchaft, B., & Atwood, G. E. (1987). Psychoanalytic treatment: An intersubjective approach, Hillsdale, NJ: The Analytic Press.

_____ & Atwood, G. E. (1992). Contexts of Being: The intersubjective foundations of psychological life. Hillsdale, N. J.: Analytic Press.

_____ Atwood, GE, & Brandchaft, B. (1994). The intersubjective perspective. Northvale NJ: Aronson

Class 8. The Analyst at Work (Pasqual Pantone, Ph.D.)

Bohm, T. (2002). Sara in her 4th analytic year, IJP, 83, 1003-1008.

Ogden, T. H. (2002). Commentary on Dr. Bohm’s ‘Sara in her 4th analytic year, IJP, 83, 1008-1012

Steiner, J. (2002). Commentary on Tomas Bohm’s ‘Sara in her 4th analytic year, IJP, 83, 1012-1015

Class 9. Observing the Observer (Warren Wilner, Ph.D.)

Hirsch, I. (1996). Observing-Participation, Mutual Enactment and the New Classical Models. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 32:359-383.

Class 10. Hide and Seek (Warren Wilner, Ph.D.)

Burke, W.F. & Tansey, M.J. (1991). Countertransference disclosure and models of therapeutic action. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 27:351-384.

Class 11. To Tell and Show (Warren Wilner, Ph.D.)

Jacobs, T.J. (1991). The use of the self: Countertransference and communication in the Analytic Situation. New York: International Universities Press, 139-177.

Class 12. Anonymity Unmasked (Warren Wilner, Ph.D.)

Renik, O. (1995). The ideal of the anonymous analyst and the problem of self-disclosure. Psychoanalytic Quarterly, 64:466-495.

Class 13. Playing in Shadows (Warren Wilner, Ph.D.)

Bollas, C. (1987). The shadow of object. New York: Columbia University Press, 201-235.

Class 14. Apperception (Warren Wilner, Ph.D.)

Levenson, E.A. (1996). Aspects of self-revelation and self-disclosure. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 32:237-248.

Class 15. Where You Are (Warren Wilner, Ph.D.)


Wilner, W. (1998). Experience, metaphor and the crucial nature of the analyst’s expressive participation. Contemporary Psychoanalysis, 34:413-443.


CP -Contemporary Psychoanalysis

CPR - Contemporary Psychotherapy Review

Handbook - M. Lionells, J. Fiscalini, C.H. Mann, D. B. Stern, (eds.), Handbook of Interpersonal Psychoanalysis, 1995, Hillsdale, NJ: Analytic Press.

IJP. - International Journal of Psycho-Analysis

I.R.P. - International Review of Psycho-Analysis

IUP. - International Universities Press</